GetSocial

How to Solder Cooper Pipe – Free Tutorial

To the left, 1st picture. Two pieces of pipe with a coupling (the two pieces of pipe will slide into the coupling and meet in the middle)

First rule of soldering pipe. ALL JOINTS MUST BE SUPER CLEAN. ANY DIRT AND THE SOLDER WILL NOT TAKE, LAZY MAN WORKS TWICE AS HARD HERE.

Sand paper or wire brush, the ends of the pipe until there is absolutely no dirt showing.

Then clean the inside of the coupling, where the pipe will slide in. Good to note here:You must not touch any of the sanded and cleaned parts with your bare hands. If the part to be sanded is small or short use a clean rag to hold.

Slide all three parts together, being careful not to touch the shinny parts. Now looking at the copper pipe and the coupling you should see about ¼” of shinny copper running past the coupling. If you do not — remove the pipe, and clean enough that you will be able to see cleaned copper running past the coupling.

Apply the flux that you bought, DON’T BE SCARED TO USE A LIBERAL AMOUNT OF FLUX. Do not use your fingers; you should use a flux brush. If a flux brush is not available, use something that will not leave a residue or lint in the flux (good example: A clean Popsicle stick)

Look at the second picture. We have put the pipe together using a coupling, it is cleaned and fluxed. You have a roll of solder in one hand. A torch in the other hand,  ready to operate doctor.

Now here is the trick. You must heat the copper where the arrow is, in the middle, all around the coupling (I start at the top and work my way down). All the while you should keep the solder touching the edge of the coupling and the cooper pipe (near the top) It might stick, don’t worry it eventually it will melt.. When the pipe gets warm enough it will suck the solder in all around the joint.

You are finished when you see a little silver drop on the bottom of the joint. Picture 3

Let cool. Some wipe the little bubble off the bottom real quick. I do not touch the joint for about 30 seconds.

Clean off the remaining flux with warm soapy water and a rag.

If the solder doesn’t run around the joint, you have 3 reasons for this. First – The joint is dirty or contaminated. Second – You might have over heated the joint, soldering does not take a lot of heat. Third – Water, if there is any water in the pipe or near the joint it will have to be removed.

That’s it you have just finished soldering your first joint. NOT SO HARD

If you follow these steps carefully you will have no problem soldering pipe like a pro

Don’t forget to tell your friends where you found the free tutorial

Understanding Thermostats for a Furnace

This brief tutorial will help you to Understand your Thermostat. Espically when it comes to Furnace Installations.

So what is a thermostat. T-stats (thermostat for short) are used in a variety of applications, In fact your cooking appliance most likely has a thermostat, so does your car. The t-stat were going to be talking about is the one on the wall in your home.

What does it do? Basically a thermostat is a switch. Just like a light switch when we want to turn something on (other then our spouse) , we just flip the switch on the wall up.

The thermostat is exactly the same principle , but it does the job without human interaction.

How does the t-stat sense temperatures?

Good question . The old style had a piece of metal in it that expanded or contracted when heated or cooled, when the metal was heated it expanded enough to flip the switch, then when it cooled sufficiently it flipped the switch the other way.

The new electronic t-stats have sensors that will change an electric property and send a single to flip the switch on or off.

Here is a basic and simple wiring diagram of a thermostat , and some explanation
Furnace Installation Basic Thermostat

So here is the deal……

R = Color red , and Power coming from the transformer on the Furnace

W = Color White , and this is the wire that send 24volts back to the furnace when the t-stat calls for heat. That 24volts starts the heating cycle

G = Green in Color (see a pattern) , this is used to manually start the fan in the furnace (most of the time)

Y = Yellow for color, and this will send 24 volts back to the furnace to start the AC cycle (if you have ac, if not you dont have ac you dont use this terminal

x (sometimes B and sometimes other colors) = usually black or blue in color, this is the common, or ground side of the transformer in the furnace.

Not all thermostats are the same , and many of them will have different parameters that the manufacturer would like you to adhere to. Those instructions are very important. READ THEM CAREFULLY BEFORE YOU DO YOU OWN THERMOSTAT INSTALL. If you have any questions you can always email me and I will try to help.

Here is another fine resource for thermostat wiring , Probably the most comprehensive i have ever seen . So if your stuck or have a more complicated system try this link

Hope this all helps with your furnace install – If you looking for a full set of written instructions look at my home page where you will find The Ultimate Furnace Installation Instructions

Regards Tony

Solar Power Panels

We added a new website to our ever growing number of site.

This site is dealing with making your own power for your home to get off the electric grid

you can find the site by clicking here

Air Conditioners

Air Conditioning Systems

We are working on this section to add the Air Conditioners.

Currently we are moving into heating season and the Furnace and Boiler Sections will be compleated Before the AC sections.

If  You would like to order an AC System at contractors price

Email — anthony@furnacebook.com

Regards  Tony

Boilers

Hi and Thanks for looking –

Due to the nature and weight , and price fluctuation of boilers, I have decided to keep the list here without photos which makes the price easy to change.

MADE IN USE - UTICA NY

MADE IN USE - UTICA NY

NOTE – IF YOU WOULD LIKE A SPECIFIC MAKE OF BOILER OR A DIFFERENT EFFICIENCY – JUST CALL OR LEAVE AN EMAIL – CONTACT INFORMATION IS AT THE BOTTOM OF THE PAGE

IN STOCK

UTICA – MID EFFICIENCY – 75,000 BTU — PRICED AT $1420

UTICA – MID EFFICIENCY – 100,000 BTU — PRICED AT $1450

UTICA – MID EFFICIENCY – 125,000 BTU — PRICED AT $1,570

UTICA – MID EFFICIENCY – 150,000 BTU — PRICED AT $1,650

UTICA – MID EFFICIENCY – 175,000 BTU — PRICED AT $1,865

UTICA – MID EFFICIENCY – 200,000 BTU — PRICED AT $2,100

PRICES INCLUDE SHIPPING – DEPENDING ON WHERE YOU LIVE

EMAIL – anthony@furnacebook.com
Orders and questions – Derek – 716-523-7627

How Your Boiler Works – How Hydronics Work

A new training manual FREE. “How Hydronic System Components Really Work.” The manuel if provided for free from Bell and Gossett, a major hydronic component supplier in the industry.

I already know the questions running through your head. Why? Why do i need this. If you have a boiler, you do.

If you have a hot water heating system, it consists of two major components. Your boiler, and your Hydronic circulating system, both operating together, but yet still very much apart.

We want you to be prepared to either know exactly what a contractor is saying to you (you should know everything you need to know about your boiler hydronics after reading this book) The book is very well written.

A few of you will even be able to fix/repair your own system, thereby saving hundreds to thousands of dollars.

Feel free to send me a beer through pay pal , if you like!! LOL

A new training manual, “How Hydronic System Components Really Work,” is available from Bell & Gossett. The 40-page manual presents new and updated information on system components and their roles in the hydronic system including:

* Operation of air relief valves, air separators, compression tanks, expansion tanks and more
* The circulator and how it moves water in closed systems
* Taking control of water hammer and velocity noise
* Low water cut-offs for hot water boilers
* Flow control options
* The point of no pressure change

For a free copy of training manual FHD-501A, visit www.bellgossett.com. About 1/2 way down the page on the left hand side is the manuel.

Write us and let us know how you liked the book.

Heat Pumps

Multi Unit Wiring Diagram coming soon!

If you are interested in aquiring a Heat Pump at Contractors cost contact me

anthony@furnacebook.com

DIY Furnace Installation Instructions